Although eco landscape design concepts have been around for decades, an increasing number of property owners are adopting green gardening ideas to limit their use of the earth’s finite resources. Whether you are completely redoing the landscaping scheme on your property, or want to gradually convert your yard into a more environmentally friendly space, these are the guidelines that you should follow.
1. Conserve Water
There are many ways that you can reduce your outdoor water use, including use of:
- Professional irrigation assessments
- Drip or another type of irrigation system
- Rain barrels or cisterns
- Native plants
- Fescue grass or artificial turf
2. Limit Use of Chemical Fertilizers
Eco landscape professionals avoid use of harsh chemical fertilizers that do more damage than good to the environment. Natural, organic fertilizers can be used as an alternative.
3. Minimize Energy Use
In addition to conserving water, eco landscape principles also promote reduced use of gas and electricity in the yard. This can be achieved with:
- Muscle-powered lawn mowers
- Energy efficient lighting
- Solar pool and spa heating
4. Choose Plants Carefully
Use of plants that are native to the region in which you live can significantly reduce the amount of water that you use and the amount of time that you have to spend maintaining your yard. If you have a lawn, consider replacing it with artificial turf or fescue grass.
When doing yard work, or cutting back plant life, be sure to add garden scraps to a compost pile rather than throwing it away in the trash where it will be sent to a landfill.